Cirrhosis of the Liver


Cirrhosis of the liver is a condition where healthy liver tissue is replaced by fibrous scar tissue causing loss of ability of liver to function properly.


  • Chronic alcoholism
  • Hepatitis B, C or D
  • Autoimmune hepatitis
  • Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)
  • Blockage in bile ducts
  • Certain infections
  • Certain inherited diseases such as hemochromatosis
  • Certain medications

Symptoms may not be present initially but in later stages following symptoms can be present:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Exhaustion
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Spider angiomas
  • Edema or ascites
  • Jaundice
  • Portal hypertension
  • Varices
  • Gallstones
  • Itching
  • Cognitive impairment

Cirrhosis is irreversible and treatment focuses on preventing further damage. It may include:

  • Treating underlying conditions causing cirrhosis
  • Treating complications arising due to liver cirrhosis
  • Alcohol abstinence
  • Liver transplant


  • Avoid excessive alcohol consumption
  • Abstain from drug abuse
  • Practice safe sex