Managing Allergies

Medicines help treat your allergy symptoms once you have them, but there are several steps you can take to prevent symptoms before they occur. These recommendations can help you avoid allergy attacks wherever you are.

Environmental Causes of Allergies

  1. Personal or secondary tobacco smoke exposure, in or out of the home.
  2. Gas-burning stoves, fireplaces, or heaters used in the home.
  3. Sprays or chemicals while at work, home or when indulging in a hobby.
  4. Medications such as beta-blockers (including eye drops), aspirin, or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
  5. Dried, canned, or processed food.
  6. Whenever you are eating out be alert of some food item contain natural substance as histamine in food and may stimulate a reaction. Example- cheese, fish, and some wine. These food items may result in allergic reaction similar called histamine toxicity.

Tips to Avoid Allergens

  1. Switch to air-conditioning instead of fans, if you are allergic to pollen. Fans, stir up the dust, while the ACs suck it up.
  2. Install dehumidifiers in basements and other areas of the house, where mould may collect; clean these devices every week. Avoid areas where moulds may collect, including basements, garages, barns, compost heaps; clean these areas often. Air out damp clothes and shoes (in the house) before storing. Wash shower curtains and bathroom tiles with mould-killing solutions.
  3. Keep pets outside, or perhaps ask someone else to take care of them. Animal dander and saliva are common allergens for many people. Do not allow pets in the bedroom and make sure to give them a wash often. Do not allow your pets to sit on the furniture.
  4. Don't collect too many indoor plants, as the soil encourages mould growth.
  5. Use plastic covers for pillows and mattresses. Avoid overstuffed furniture and down-filled bedding or pillows. Remove stuffed animals from the bed.
  6. Don't allow smoking in your house.
  7. Wear a mask and gloves when cleaning, vacuuming, or painting to limit dust and chemical exposure.
  8. Choose hardwood floors instead of carpeting. If you must have carpeting, choose low pile material.
  9. Avoid Venetian blinds or long drapes, as they collect dust. Replace old drapes and use window shades instead.
  10. An exhaust fan over the stove is necessary to remove cooking fumes.
  11. Whenever going out use gloves and avoid exposure to dust areas.
  12. Make sure of proper ventilation in house.
  13. Avoid food with additive colors, if you are not sure of your specific allergy.

Source: Adapted from an article by Dr. S. Ananth